Chronic Vein Disease

Chronic vein disease refers to disease of the vessels that return blood from around the body to the heart. The disease typically affects leg veins. When veins have bulged or have become twisted, it’s usually due to the vein walls becoming stretched and weakened. As a result, the veins may not be able to carry enough blood back to the heart, which causes blood to pool in the leg veins. This condition is called chronic venous insufficiency (CVI).

Chronic vein disease doesn’t typically cause symptoms early on. However, as the condition progresses, it can cause pain, swelling and even ulcers on the legs. Affecting one in three women, varicose veins are an early symptom of chronic vein disease. Many women unknowingly believe that varicose veins are simply a cosmetic concern, when in fact, it’s a sign of a chronic vein disease, which can become serious over time if not treated. Damaged leg veins pursuant to chronic vein disease are caused by a number of factors, including blood clots, deep vein thrombosis, defective vein walls, blocked veins. weakened veins or missing vein valves.

As chronic vein disease worsens, it can cause additional symptoms besides varicose veins. Swelling in the feet, ankles and legs are often noted with chronic vein disease. Aching, heaviness, cramping and pain in the legs is present, which worsens when standing and improves when legs are elevated. Sometimes, patients complain of a burning, tingling and itching sensation. Rashes, such as eczema and thickening of the skin may also be present. Slow wounds or even non-healing wounds can occur on the leg veins that are affected by chronic vein disease. In some cases, you can see darkening of the skin on the legs.

If your chronic vein disease is mild, your Cartersville, GA physician may recommend lifestyle and behavioral changes, such as avoiding prolonged sitting and standing and elevating legs routinely throughout the day, to see if it controls your symptoms, Compression stockings may also be recommended. If these basic treatments do not alleviate your symptoms, your Cartersville doctor may suggest other procedures, such as vein injection, ligation and stripping, vein bypass surgery, vein ablation, vein stenting or valve reconstruction.

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